The golf scramble is probably the most common format for amateur golf tournaments in the world. It promotes the bonding of team members, encourages everyone to do their best regardless of skill level, and maintains a system of fairness and equality that few other tournament types can match. But if you’ve never played a tournament like this before, you’re probably asking, “What is a scramble in golf?” Well, it’s really quite simple. Whether you need a quick refresher or it’s your first time in such a tournament, find out more about the format, rules, and other principles of a golf scramble here.
A golf scramble is unequivocally the most popular type of golf tournament in the amateur, novice, or beginner ranks. Popular in charity events, informal gatherings, or just a leisurely weekend tournament with bragging rights or a small pot, a scramble in golf allows every golfer to have a chance to support the squad.
A scramble in golf is played by several four-man teams — this can range from two teams all the way up to 18 teams — or one at every hole, otherwise known as a shotgun start. Each team member hits their own ball throughout the match; who tees off first, second, third, or fourth is irrelevant. The team captain simply chooses the best shot off the tee. From that spot, every golfer hits their next shot, and the captain selects the best shot of that stroke. This continues until the team sinks a putt.
To make more sense of the golf scramble format, let’s take four players on a par-3 hole: Player 1, Player 2, Player 3, and Player 4. On the tee shot, Player 1 hits one on the green. Player 2 and Player 3 tee off, but hit their shots into the rough and sand. Player 4 hits the ball on the green, but not as close as Player 1. As such, the team captain — or the team collectively — chooses Player 1’s ball as the location for the next shot.
On the second shot, Player 1 and Player 2 hit poor putts, Player 3 hits a putt 10 feet from the hole, but Player 4 knocks one a few inches from the cup. Obviously, Player 4’s shot is optimal, so the team decides to use this location for its next shot. On the third shot, Player 1 sinks the putt for par. Player 2, 3 and 4 can shoot, but the point is moot because Player 1 already sank the putt.
As a result, the scramble team shoots par for the hole and continues playing golf in the same way throughout the duration of the tournament.
In the scramble golf format, the lowest score wins, just the same as if you were playing a 2 vs. 2 four-ball format or using individual scores. However, you can ride hot streaks of individual players, pin your hopes on the best member of the team, or just have a collectively great round.
Regardless of who takes the best shot, the team score is determined by how many shots the team takes to sink the ball. To this effect, not every person has to sink a putt at the end; just one person needs to get the job done.
While you can have a 2-man, 3-man, or 4-man scramble in golf, the 4-man scramble is by far the most popular. Foursomes are the preferred organization, simply because it gives the team four opportunities to hit the best shot while also allowing the golf course or tournament organizers to maximize their income during a tournament.
Beyond the examples and basic rules listed above, tournament organizers may have their own rules as well. In charity tournaments, it’s common for the organizer to sell mulligans to raise more money for the charity.
Moreover, most golf scrambles have some basic scramble rules that are almost always universally accepted:
By using these slight ball movements from the original approach shots, you can usually give yourself a slight advantage by choosing the best angle. This can often mean the difference between a bogey and a birdie — and take you one step close to scramble golf tournament glory.
Golfers of all skill levels may tell you that there’s no true strategy to win a scramble in golf; you just go with the flow. So someone who’s asking “what is a scramble in golf” before the tournament is just as valuable as any other player — or at least for one shot.
However, the game of golf is a fickle mistress. Nothing goes to plan in many cases — even PGA Tour professionals can vouch for that idea.
But if you’re serious about bringing home the title in this team format, you might want to apply a few of these basic strategies:
While a golf scramble typically uses the same format, you may come across a golf scramble that uses slightly different rules or formats. Most commonly, you’ll see either a Florida scramble or a Texas scramble, but other variations also exist. Both offer a slight twist to a traditional golf scramble but are generally the same thing. Here’s a quick breakdown of other scrambles you may see.
A Florida scramble is almost identical to a regular golf scramble except for one minor variation. While all golfers hit the tee shot, the golfer with the best shot must sit out the next shot, leaving only three golfers to hit. On the next shot, the golfer with the best shot of the three must sit out while the golfer that was left out after the initial shot hops back in.
A Florida scramble also comes with several other names that refer to the same format, including:
A Texas scramble is another common format that — surprise, surprise — is a common golf scramble used in Texas. However, this one’s a bit easier to understand than the Florida scramble. In a Texas scramble, every player is required to hit at least four drives, regardless of where the ball lands.
So if you’re playing a Texas scramble and your worst player hits even a halfway decent drive, you may want to take their shot, regardless of how the other people on your team do off the tee.
Although it’s a less popular format, you may stumble across a Las Vegas scramble from time to time. This adds a bit of a gambling aspect to the game in true Las Vegas fashion.
In a Las Vegas scramble, teams use a six-sided die to decide which player’s tee shot is used on the hole, regardless of the quality of the shot. So for example, if you roll a 1, then Player 1’s shot is used no matter what. The other members can still tee off, but Player 1’s tee shot is automatically used.
A golf scramble often gets confused with the best ball tournament format. As you now know, in a scramble, the team picks the best shot on each stroke and everybody hits from there. In a best ball format, every player plays their own ball for the entirety of the hole, and then the lowest score is used. They’re similar, but the distinction between the two is huge.
The only surefire way to bring your team to victory is by choosing the right team and having yourself prepared. So choose the right clubs, start asking your preferred golfers to play well before the tournament, and abstain from drinking one too many beers while you’re on the course. With any luck, you’ll end up a champion.